Repurposed residential houses still served as centres of cottage industry in the early 19th century and were of great importance to the British textile industry. The dominant form in the early 1800s was a three-storey house with a workshop located on the top floor.
Plans and pictures of back-to-back houses in Nottingham (detail), engraving, ca. 1844; source: G. B. Roy, Commission on the state of large towns, First Report, London 1844, vol. 1, p. 341, Wellcome Images, Photo number: L0011651, Creative Commons Attribution only licence, CC-BY 4.0.