Emilio Aguinaldo (1869–1964) is considered to have been the first president of the Philippines (1899–1901). On three separate occasions he led the Philippine side in the struggle for the independence of the archipelago state: first against Spain in the last phase of the Philippine Revolution (1896–1897), then in the Spanish-American War (1898) and finally against the United States in the Philippine-American War (1899-1901). In 1901, he was captured and went into exile in Guam. He did not return to the Philippines until decades later. This photograph shows Aguinaldo (sitting, third from the right) around 1900 among other supporters of the independence movement.
Emilio Famy Aguinaldo among supporters, black-and-white photograph, around 1900, unknown photographer; image source: National Archives and Records Administration, http://research.archives.gov/description/542446, public domain.