James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, was a British lawyer, politician, and historian. After his studies at Oxford and Heidelberg, he returned to Oxford in 1870 as a professor of law. His reputation as a historian was founded on a work on the Holy Roman Empire (1864). In 1888, he published a study of the “American Commonwealth”, which was much reprinted. In it, Bryce describes the United States as a progressive nation, showing European countries the way to the future.
Portrait of James Bryce (1838–1922), black-and-white photograph, 1914; source: Current History of the War, New York, 1914, unknown photographer; source: http://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/exhibits/portraits/index.php?img=59.,