In line with the Treaty of Versailles (articles 45 to 50) the League of Nation was given guardianship over the former colonies of the German Empire and the Arab provinces now separated from Turkey. Parts of French Equatorial Africa, which had been ceded to Germany by France in 1911, were now transferred back to France. The League of Nations established mandates which were to be administered by different governments. Among these mandates were towns like Fiume, respectively Rijeka, which had belonged to the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, and formerly Ottoman provinces like Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Transjordan, Mesopotamia, Thrace and Smyrna. The formerly German provinces included the Territory of the Saar Basin, the Free City of Danzig, the Memel Territory, Cameroon, German South-West Africa, German East Africa, Togo, German New Guinea and German Samoa.
Mandates of the League of Nations, map, 2008, author: Kolomaznik; source: Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_league_of_nations_mandate.png, public domain.